Mary Jones De Leon, a black woman of Baltimore was granted a patent on June 24,1873 (U.S. Patent No. 140,253) for a cooking apparatus (looks like the current day crock pot!).
Judy W. Reed, a black woman, of Washington D.C. was granted a patent in 1884 for a dough kneader and roller (U.S. patent No. 305,474).
Sarah Goode, a black woman, of Chicago, Illinois was granted her patent on July 14, 1885 (U.S. patent No. 322,177).
Sarah Boone, a black woman of New Haven, Connecticut, was granted a patent on April 26, 1892 for an ironing board (U.S. Patent No. 473653).
Marjorie S. Joyner, a black woman of Chicago, Illinois, was granted a patent on November 27, 1928 for the permanent-waving machine (U.S. Patent No. 1,693,515) and granted a patent on June 4, 1929 for the Scalp Protector (U.S. Patent No. 1,716,173).
You may access any U.S. patent here by inserting the patent numbers: http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtml/PTO/srchnum.htm
Our Ancestors’s IP
These phenomenal California Amazon women above received patents. However, it is of note how some Blacks did not receive credit for their inventions. According to interviews of ex-slaves according to their masters here is such a story:
My master told me that the niggers started the railroad and dat a’ nigger lookin' at a boilin coffee pot on a stove one day got the idea
dat he could cause it to run by putting wheels on it.
Die nigger being a blacksmith put his thoughts into action by makin wheels an’ put coffee
on it, an by some kinder means he made it run an’ the idea waz stole
from him and dey built de steam engine.
-Interview of Mrs. Fannie Berry, Ex-Slave
861 E. Bank Street - Petersburg, Virginia
By Susie Byrd, Petersburg Virginia
Date: February 26, 1957
Thank you Queen Fannie and the Federal Writers’ Project: Slave Narrative Project Virginia for the California courage to contribute to history. An updated translation of the above communicates that black people invented the railroad and a black man invented the concept for the steam engine. You may access other inventions of slaves by accounts of their masters collected by the Library of Congress, here: https://www.loc.gov/resource/mesn.170/?sp=4&st=text
Protect what you value!
Further reading: The Real McCoy by Raymond Millen.
For the California invention revived, current STEM and legal examples: Click: California Essence link and Read “Who is the Black Queen Calafia of Goldern California?: The Real Wonder Woman by Ms. Tamra L. Dicus”.
#BlackHERstoryMonth #STEM #Justice4QueenCalafia #IntellectualProperty #Caliisme #BlackInventors
Any copying is prohibited unless you use the following phrase: “Source: “California Amazons Invent!” by Ms. Tamra L. Dicus, Owner and Founder of CALIFORNIA IS ME aka www.caliisme.com, 04/20/2019, contact email@example.com for more; Disclaimer: Ms. Dicus is not speaking on behalf of the Federal Government nor the USPTO but as a private citizen; all expressed herein is opinion and not legal advice.”